Technology education in Medieval and Modern Period

Paper and paper manufacturing process of cellulose that was developed in China during the early second century, was the Middle East and spread to the Mediterranean by the Muslim conquests. Evidence supports that a paper mill was established in Sicily in the 12th century. The discovery of the spinning wheel increase the productivity of yarn-making process largely as Lynn White said the spinning wheel, with increased supply of rags, which led to the production of cheap paper, which was a major factor in the development of printing technology.

The invention of printing was carried out in around 1450 AD by Johannes Gutenberg, a German inventor. The invention of printing was a major factor in the development of the history of educational technology to deliver instruction as the need for educated society and complex technology.

In the pre-industrial, while the industry was simply the work done by hand at the craft, the teaching was based largely on simple things, such as slate, horn book, blackboard and chalk. Was limited to a single text book with some illustrations. Educational technology was considered synonymous with simple aids such as charts and images.

The year 1873 can be considered as a milestone in the early history of educational technology or audio-visual education. An exhibition was held in Vienna at an international level in which an American school earned the admiration of educators for the exhibition of maps, letters, textbooks and other equipment.

Maria Montessori (1870-1952), internationally renowned child educator and creator of the Montessori Method of exercising a dynamic impact of educational technology through the development of graded materials designed to provide the proper sequence of the material for each student. Modern educational technology suggests that the extension of the idea of ​​many environmental Montessori child-centered prepared.

In1833, Charles Babbage design a device for general purpose computing, laid the foundations of the modern computer, and in 1943, the first calculating machine in accordance with the design of high was built by International Business Machines Corporation in the United . .. UUComputer-assisted instruction (CAI) in which the computer operates essentially as a tutor, and the typewriter was developed by Moore in 1966 speak well. Since 1974, computers are curiously used in education in schools, colleges and universities.

At the beginning of the 19th century, there were significant changes in the field of education. British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), since its inception in emissions of the school in 1920, remains the fastest pace in making sound contribution to formal education. In the U.S., in 1952, 20 states had the provision of educational broadcasting. Parallel to this point about 98% of schools in the UK were equipped with radios and had regular programs every day.

Sidney L. Pressey, a psychologist at Ohio State University developed a machine for self-teaching called 'Drum Tutor' in 1920. Professor Skinner, however, in "The science of learning and art of teaching" his famous article published in 1945 called for the application of knowledge derived from behavioral psychology in the classroom and suggested procedures automated teaching devices as means.

Although the first practical use of regular television programs was in Germany in 1929 and in 1936 Berlin Olympic Games were broadcast by television stations in Berlin, the open circuit television began to be used primarily for broadcasting of Entertainment in 1950. Since 1960, the television is used for educational purposes.

In 1950, Brynmor, England, used educational technology steps first. You have to be careful that in 1960, as a result of the industrial revolution in the United States and Russia, other countries began to advance the field of educational technology. Thus, the principle of educational technology took place in 1960 from the U.S. and Russia, and now has come to England, Europe and India.

During the time around 1950, new technocracy was becoming attractive to education when there is a pronounced shortage of teachers in the United States and therefore an urgent need for educational technology is felt. Dr. Alvin C. Eurich and a little later, his partner, Dr. Alexander J. Stoddard introduced the technology of mass production in the United States.

Team teaching had its origin in the United States in mid-1950 and first started in 1955 at Harvard University as part of the internship.

In 1956, Benjamin Bloom U.S. presented taxonomy of educational objectives through its publication, "The Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, the classification of the goals of Education, Handbook I: Cognitive Domain."

In 1961, the technique of micro teaching was first adopted by Dwight W. Allen and colleagues at Stanford University in the USA.

The electronics is the core technology developed in the early 21 century. Broadband access to the Internet became popular and occupied almost all offices and places of education and even in the usual places in the developed countries with the advantage of connecting computers home with music libraries and mobile phones.

Today's class is more likely to be a technology lab, a room with rows of students using the Internet is connected or Wi-Fi enabled laptops palmtops, notepad, or perhaps students to attend a conference video or virtual classroom or may have been listening to a podcast or take in a video conference. Rapid technological changes in the field of education have created new forms of teaching and learning. Technological changes also encouraged the teachers to access a variety of global information via Internet to improve their classes and to be competent professionals in your area of ​​interest. At the same time, students can use the vast resources of the Internet to enrich their learning experience to cope with changing trends in society. Now a day the students and teachers and attend seminars, conferences, workshops nationally and internationally through the use of multimedia resources such as PowerPoint technological, and even pursue a variety of important courses of their choice in the mode to distance learning through online forms. Online Learning Center has opened countless doors of learning opportunities today to make your life happier than ever.